Cody Wallace grow up in Charlemont, Massachusetts, a small town on the eastern edge of the Berkshire Mountains located on the Deerfield River. He received his B.S. in wildlife biology with a minor in wilderness and civilization from the University of Montana in 2012. Cody has 13 years of research experience studying human-wildlife interactions, population estimates, cause-specific mortality, and animal behavior and movement. His field experience includes working for Idaho Fish and Game collaring wolves as part of population monitoring project, evaluating the effects of energy development on bighorn sheep in the Sonoran Desert and cougars in the Laguna Mountains in Southern California, and multiple projects in Colorado. His work with for Colorado Parks and Wildlife includes a project evaluating human bear conflicts in Durango CO, developing population estimates for cougars in Salida CO, and investigating cause-specific mortality of elk and mule deer across the state. Wallace began working for the Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit as a field technician and project manager in November 2019. Wallace transitioned to a master’s student in August of 2020 and then to a Ph.D. in August 2022.
For his dissertation Wallace focuses on learning and memory in migratory ungulates. Specifically, his work seeks to evaluate 1) how juvenile animals learn migration patterns, 2) how migration strategies are culturally transmitted from one generation to the next, 3) social learning and navigation during migration, and 4) how animals learn their spatial environment. Wallace’s research projects include GPS collaring of pronghorn in the Shirley Basin of WY, moose in Jackson, WY, mule deer on the Wind River Indian Reservation in WY, and elk in collaboration with Colorado Parks and Wildlife. His research interests focus on cognition, memory, and learning in free-ranging populations. Ultimately, his goal is to work on large collaborative projects with broad management implications.
Wallace has many passions outside of research and considers himself an avid mountain biker, backcountry skier, whitewater rafter, hunter, and gardener. When Wallace is not thinking about animal behavior he is probably exploring Wyoming’s vast expanse of public lands.
Professional Preparation and Appointments
B.S. Wildlife Biology, University of Montana, Dec. 2012
- Paterson, J; Johnston, Aaron; Ortega, Anna; Wallace, Cody; Kauffman, Matthew. 2023. Hidden Markov movement models reveal diverse seasonal movement patterns in two North American ungulates. Journal of Animal Ecology. In review
- Merkle, Jerod; Lowrey, Blake; Wallace, Cody; Hall, L. Embere; Wilde, Luke; Kauffman, Matthew; Sawyer, Hall. 2023. Conserving habitat for migratory ungulates: how wide is a migration corridor? Journal of Applied Ecology. In review
- Milligan, M. C., Johnston, A. N., Beck, J. L., Taylor, K. L., Hall, E., Knox, L., Cufaude, T., Wallace, C., Chong, G., and Kauffman, M. J., 2022. Wind-energy development alters pronghorn migration at multiple scales. Ecology and Evolution.
- C. Milligan, A.N. Johnston, J.L. Beck, K.T. Smith, K.L. Taylor, E. Hall, L. Knox, T. Cufaude, C.F. Wallace, G. Chong, M.J. Kauffman 2021. Variable effects of wind-energy development on seasonal habitat selection of pronghorn. Ecosphere12(12):e03850.
- Wallace, C.F., J. Golla, and M.L. Allen. 2020. Direct observations of a wolverine scavenging at an active gray wolf kill site. Northwest Naturalist.
- Johnson, H., D. Lewis, T. Verzuh, F. Wallace, R. Much, L. Willmarth, and S.W. Breck. 2018. Human development and hibernation in a large carnivore with implications for human-carnivore conflicts. Journal of Applied Ecology, 55:663-672.
- Allen, M.L., F. Wallace, and C.C. Wilmers. Patterns in bobcat (Lynx rufus) scent marking and communication behaviors. 2015. Journal of Ethology. 33:9-14.
- Wallace, C.F., Beck, J. L., Hall, L.E., Knox, L., Cufaude, T., Merkle, J.A., & J. Kauffman. 2022. How do semi-nomadic animals navigate during migration? The Wildlife Society Wyoming Chapter Conference, Laramie, WY, USA. Oral presentation.
- Wallace, C.F., Beck, J. L., Hall, L.E., Knox, L., Cufaude, T., Merkle, J.A., & J. Kauffman. 2022. How do semi-nomadic animals navigate during migration? The Wildlife Society Conference, Spokane, WA, USA. Oral presentation.
- Wallace, C.F., Beck, J. L., Hall, L.E., Knox, L., Cufaude, T., Merkle, J.A., & J. Kauffman. 2022. How do ungulate learn to migrate? International Statistical Ecology Conference, Cape Town, South Africa. Poster presentation.
- Wallace, C.F., Beck, J. L., Hall, L.E., Knox, L., Cufaude, T., Merkle, J.A., & J. Kauffman. 2022. How do ungulate learn to migrate? Wyoming cooperative Fish and Wildlife research unit cooperators meeting, Laramie, WY, USA. Oral presentation.
- Wallace, C.F., Beck, J. L., Hall, L.E., Knox, L., Cufaude, T., Merkle, J.A., & J. Kauffman. 2022. How do ungulate learn to migrate? The Wildlife Society Wyoming Chapter Conference, Jackson Hole, WY, USA. Poster presentation.
- Wallace, C.F., Hall, L.E., Knox, L., Cufaude, T., & J. Kauffman. 2019. Update on Shirley Basin pronghorn project. Pronghorn working group, Rollings, WY, USA. Oral presentation.